6 type varieties and characteristics of Cotton fabrics 

Cotton fabric is a woven fabric made of cotton yarn. Cotton fabric with excellent taking performance to become one of the most commonly used fabrics, widely used in clothing fabrics, decorative fabrics and industrial fabrics. With the in-depth development of textile printing and dyeing processing, cotton fabric varieties are increasingly rich, appearance and performance and grade also continue to improve. Due to the development of chemical fibers, the emergence of cotton-type chemical fibers, its length (generally about 38mm), line density (generally in 1.5 D or so) and other physical properties in line with the requirements of cotton spinning process, pure spinning on cotton spinning equipment or blended with cotton fibers, the fabric of such fibers and cotton fabrics are collectively referred to as cotton-type fabrics.

Table of Contents

Classification of cotton fabrics

A : according to fabric organization points

(1) Plain fabric

(2) Twill fabric

(3) satin fabric

B: according to printing and dyeing finishing process

(1) Bleached cloth

(2) Dyeing cotton

(3) Printed and dyed cotton

C:the common varieties of cotton fabrics.

Plain cloth, poplin, linen, twill, khaki, beige, wada tweed, horizontal tribute satin, corduroy, velvet, fine spinning, flat velvet, sarong, oxford spinning, washed cloth, wheaten yarn, rotten cloth, bubble yarn, crepe, crotin, denim.

Part.1 Plain Fabric

Plain fabric means plain surface. Generally, the warp and weft yarns used are the same or not much different, and the warp and weft densities are very close, and there is no obvious difference between the front and back sides. The yarn thickness of the bureau can be divided into medium flat cloth, coarse flat cloth and fine flat cloth.

Coarse flat cloth: warp and weft yarn in 32tex and above (18s) below, low grade cotton spinning. The texture is rougher, and there are more cotton impurities on the surface of the cloth, but the feel is thick, firm and wear-resistant, and it is often used in packaging materials, interlining and labor protection clothing materials.

Medium flat cloth: warp and weft yarn in 31-21tex (19s ~ 28s), 3 ~ 3.5 grade cotton spinning.

Fine flat cloth: warp and weft yarn in 19-10tex (29s~59s), thin cloth body, even cloth surface, soft hand feeling, gram weight generally 80~120g/m2 . Usually processed as bleaching, color, flower cloth, can be used for underwear, smock, summer outerwear, bedding, printed handkerchiefs and medical rubber backing cloth, etc.

Fabric style: fine flat cloth body is thin; medium flat cloth body is medium thick and thin, firmer; coarse flat cloth body is thick, firmer and thicker.

Applications: shirts and other garments; auxiliary single garment, quilt lining

Part.2 Fine spinning

Fine spinning is the use of 60s ~ 100s (9.7 ~ 5.8tex) of extra-fine combed cotton yarn or polyester / cotton blended yarn system woven into the plain plant, because of the thin texture, and silk in the spinning type of fabric is similar, so named. The varieties of fine-woven fabrics are bleached, dyed, printed and color woven four kinds of cloth details flat, light silk, but firmer than silk. Fine spinning plant feel soft, tight structure, after mercerizing, the luster is particularly soft, smooth to the touch, moisture absorption and breathable, comfortable to wear. Weaving can use thin reed (flower reed) and use different thicknesses of yarn with each other to obtain fancy appearance.

Part.3 Poplin

Poplin is an extra-fine, high-density plain or jacquard fabric with silk style. Its most important feature is the high density of the fabric, and the warp density is about twice as dense as the weft density, the front side has more obvious and uniform granularity, the pattern is clear, and the area exposed by the warp yarn is much larger than the weft yarn. The twist of weft yarn is greater than that of warp yarn, so the fabric is smooth, fine and lustrous. Therefore, compared with the same yarn count of flat cloth, poplin fabric texture is better. Because the poplin warp density is greater than the weft density, so the fabric’s warp strength is higher than the weft strength, easy to appear longitudinal rift.

Poplin fabric varieties are more, there are yarn poplin, half line poplin and full line poplin; can be divided into comb, half comb and full comb poplin according to the different spinning process; can also be divided into ordinary, strip, jacquard poplin; according to the fabric dyeing and finishing process can be divided into bleached, printed and color woven poplin.

Fabric style: cloth body tight, feel delicate and soft, luster rich, texture brace, comfortable to wear Breathable, cloth surface even, clear weave, silk feeling.

Applications: shirts, underwear, pajamas, summer wear and children’s wear fabrics, can be used for handkerchiefs, bed sheets, bedding, etc.

Part.4 Hemp yarn

The warp yarn is partly double yarn and partly single yarn, arranged at intervals, with low density and high twist.

Type: ordinary hemp yarn, fancy hemp yarn

Fabric style: fabric appearance and feel similar to hemp fabric, the surface presents different widths of longitudinal stripes, so the fabric surface appears uneven convex stripes, there are obvious yarn holes, so the fabric is stiff and cool, light and breathable, no sense of fit.

Application: summer men’s and women’s shirts, children’s clothing, pajamas, skirts

Part.5 Bali yarn

Also written “Bali yarn”, also known as “glass yarn”, is a thin plain fabric woven with fine thread density strong twist combed yarn, with silk fabric in the style of raw silk. The yarn density is generally above 60s, and the twist factor is large. The twist factor of single yarn number is 333~352, and the twist factor of floating yarn is 1.4~2 times of single yarn. The fabric tightness is small, the warp tightness is about 40%, the weft tightness is about 33%; the warp tightness of thread Bali yarn is about 23%, the weft tightness is about 21%.

Fabric style: Bali yarn is sparse in density, thin in texture, clear in cloth holes, stiff in hand, elastic, good in sweat absorption and breathability, comfortable to wear.

Application: used for summer shirt dress, dress, children’s clothing fabric, pajama pants, hijab, veil, table lampshade, curtain, etc.

Part.6 Denim

Denim, also known as labor cloth or sturdy cloth, is a thicker and thicker color woven products, warp yarn dyed blue or black with indigo or sulfur dyes, weft yarn with bleached yarn or primary color yarn, mostly woven with plain, twill, broken twill, compound twill, satin or small jacquard organization. Denim yarn thick, high density, thick feel, clear weave, firm and wear-resistant, pre-shrinking, burnt, desizing, washing, sand washing and other finishing, so that the fabric and soft and bracing, shrinkage reduction, and produce different kinds of style characteristics.

Pan Pan

Pan Pan

Hi, I'm Pan Pan, the founder of BoloTex , I've been running a factory in China that makes Print Fabric for 10 years now, and the purpose of this article is to share with you the knowledge related to Fabric from a Chinese supplier's perspective.

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